Exams, GATE-BT

Highly Organized Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotech)

GATE 2017 ALERT | Syllabus GATE BT

Dear GATE BT 2017 aspirants, IIT Roorkee is going to be the organizer of GATE  2017 and it has launched its National Poster for GATE 2017. Here is the poster for your reference and information. We have also provided a highly organized layout of the GATE BT Syllabus, hoping that it will help you in making a planned/check-list progression.

You can click this GATE 2017 poster for HD resolution of the same.

GATE 2017 National Poster | Courstesy: IIT Roorkeee
GATE 2017 National Poster | Syllabus GATE BT

Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE 2017)

General Aptitude Syllabus for GATE 2017 (common for all):

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.
Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

Maths Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Linear Algebra: Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
  • Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier Series.
  • Differential Equations: Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Laplace transforms, PDE-Laplace, heat and wave equations.
  • Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression analysis.
  • Numerical Methods: Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, Single and multistep methods for differential equations.

Biochemistry Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Biomolecules: Structure and functions; Biological membranes, structure, action potential and transport processes;.
  • Enzymes: classification, kinetics and mechanism of action; Basic concepts and designs of metabolism (carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and nucleic acids) photosynthesis, respiration and electron transport chain
  • Bioenergetics

Microbiology Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Viruses: structure and classification
  • Microbial classification and diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal)
  • Methods in microbiology
  • Microbial growth and nutrition
  • Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Microbial diseases and host-pathogen interaction

Cell Biology Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure
  • Cell cycle and cell growth control
  • Cell-Cell communication
  • Cell signaling and signal transduction

Molecular Biology and Genetics Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes
  • Mutations and mutagenesis
  • Nucleic acid replication, transcription, translation and their regulatory mechanisms in prokaryotes and eukaryotes Mendelian inheritance
  • Gene interaction, Complementation, Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping
  • Extra chromosomal inheritance
  • Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation)
  • Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements
  • RNA interference, DNA damage and repair
  • Chromosomal variation
  • Molecular basis of genetic diseases

Analytical Techniques  Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Principles of microscopy: light, electron, fluorescent and confocal
  • Centrifugation: high speed and ultra
  • Principles of spectroscopy: UV, visible, CD, IR, FTIR, Raman, MS,NMR
  • Principles of chromatography: ion exchange, gel filtration, hydrophobic interaction, affinity, GC,HPLC, FPLC
  • Electrophoresis
  • Microarray

Immunology Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • History of Immunology
  • Innate, humoral and cell mediated immunity
  • Antigen, Antibody structure and function, Molecular basis of antibody diversity, Synthesis of antibody and secretion
  • Antigen-antibody reaction
  • Complement system
  • Primary and secondary lymphoid organ
  • B and T cells and macrophages
  • Major histocompatibility complex (MHC)
  • Antigen processing and presentation
  • Polyclonal and monoclonal antibody
  • Regulation of immune response, Immune tolerance, Hypersensitivity, Autoimmunity, Graft versus host reaction

Bioinformatics Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Major bioinformatic resources and search tools
  • Sequence and structure databases
  • Sequence analysis (biomolecular sequence file formats, scoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny)
  • Data mining and analytical tools for genomic and proteomic studies
  • Molecular dynamics and simulations (basic concepts including force fields, protein-protein, protein-nucleic acid, protein-ligand interaction)

Recombinant DNA Technology Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Restriction and modification enzymes
  • Vectors; plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome
  • Mammalian and plant expression vectors
  • cDNA and genomic DNA library
  • Gene isolation, cloning and expression
  • Transposons and gene targeting
  • DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; Polymerase chain reactions
  • DNA fingerprinting
  • Southern and northern blotting
  • In-situ hybridization
  • Site-directed mutagenesis
  • Gene transfer technologies, Gene therapy

Plant and Animal Biotechnology Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Totipotency; Regeneration of plants; Plant growth regulators and elicitors
  • Tissue culture and Cell suspension culture system: methodology, kinetics of growth and, nutrient optimization
  • Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures
  • Hairy root culture, transgenic plants, Plant products of industrial importance
  • Animal cell culture; media composition and growth conditions; Animal cell and tissue preservation
  • Anchorage and non-anchorage dependent animal cell culture
  • Kinetics of animal cell growth
  • Micro & macro-carrier culture
  • Hybridoma technology, Stem cell technology, Animal cloning, Transgenic animals

Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology Syllabus GATE BT 2017 (GATE Biotechnology)

  • Chemical engineering principles applied to biological system
  • Principle of reactor design
  • Ideal and non-ideal multiphase bioreactors
  • Mass and heat transfer
  • Rheology of fermentation fluids
  • Aeration and agitation: Media formulation and optimization
  • Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation
  • Sterilization of air and media
  • Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes
  • Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors
  • Instrumentation control and optimization
  • Unit operations in solid-liquid separation and liquid-liquid extraction
  • Process scale-up, economics and feasibility analysis
  • Engineering principle of bioprocessing- Upstream production and downstream
  • Bioprocess design and development from lab to industrial scale; Microbial, animal and plant cell culture platforms
  • Production of biomass and primary/secondary metabolites; Biofuels, Bioplastics, industrial enzymes, antibiotics
  • Large scale production and purification of recombinant proteins
  • Industrial application of chromatographic and membrane based bioseparation methods
  • Immobilization of biocatalysts (enzymes and cells) for bioconversion processes
  • Bioremediation-Aerobic and anaerobic processes for stabilization of solid / liquid wastes

Hope this structured layout of the syllabus improves your readability; and help you make a check list of this syllabus for the covered topics.


Best wishes,




  1. Hello Sir,

    I will be very happy if you share wattage wise topics, Since the organizing inst. is IITR.

  2. thanks for providing the information.
    Please it would be really helpful if let us know the main subjects on which IIT-roorkee focuses on
    for Gate ?

  3. And also on how to start bioprocess engg. as i feel it very difficult to solve problems related to it ?
    how should i proceed ?

  4. Sir I am a third year student of biotechnology engineering…I will appear for Gate 2018.. I really need some help on how to plan my studies..as I am very confused right now…. I need some guidance.. and also please tell how can I contact you…??

  5. saurabh murkute

    sir ur posts are really helpful for we people
    sunil sir ur r really awesome…

    sir i need ur help can u give me info. about which reference books are helpful for gate bt 2018 study.for all subject.or which is the best books for gate bt preparation …
    and also can i join coaching for gate bt.im really get confused .if yes the which is best online or offline (indoor) ,or if online which is best.
    because of im poor in math i need ur help regarding this subject,plz suggest me.what can i do????


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